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Using DOE with Tolerance Intervals
View Presentation View Presentation Shari Lyn Kraber, Stat-Ease, Inc. 
*Shari Lyn Kraber, Stat-Ease, Inc. 

Keywords: design of experiments, DOE, multiple response optimization, quality by design,QbD, design space

Design of experiments, followed by numeric and graphical optimization, is frequently used by engineers to optimize a process, and to define a design space or operating window. It is critical to understand the boundaries of this operating window – if you choose a specific set of operating conditions close to the boundary, what is the likelihood that normal process variation will cause the resulting measurements to be out of spec? To ensure critical quality characteristics are meeting specifications, uncertainty (variability) must be accounted for in defining the boundaries of the design space. We present a method of accounting for uncertainty via confidence intervals and tolerance intervals. The mathematical calculations are done by the computer, but then displayed on full-color graphics. These intervals will allow engineers to present a more meaningful design space, one in which they have confidence that the results will be reliable. A “tableting” process is used to illustrate the method.