K–12 Educators

The American Statistical Association is dedicated to and involved in enhancing statistics education at all levels, including providing resources for K–12 teachers and teacher educators. Here, you will find information about classroom resources, publications in statistics education, guidelines and reports, workshops and webinars for teachers, and student competitions.

Classroom Resources

STatistics Education Web (STEW) is a free, online resource for peer-reviewed statistics lesson plans.

Census at School - U.S. is a free international classroom project that engages students in grades 4–12 in statistical problem solving using their own real data. Students complete an online survey, analyze their class census results, and compare their class with random samples of students in the United States and abroad.

What’s Going On in This Graph? is a free, weekly online feature of the ASA and New York Times Learning Network. New York Times graphs of different types and context act as a springboard for middle- and high-school students in any course (college also welcome) to think critically about graphs. On most Wednesdays from September to April, graphs are released. Students respond to three questions: What do you notice? What do you wonder? What’s going on in this graph? Teachers moderate their responses online from 9 a.m. – 2 p.m. ET. On Friday, the original article, additional questions, and “stat nuggets” —definitions of statistical terms and where they are seen in the graph—are revealed. No statistics background is necessary.

Resources for Teaching K–12 Statistics - This document includes resources from the ASA, National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, and others that support the teaching of statistics and probability as covered by the Common Core State Standards and other state career and college preparation standards. Included are lesson plans, applets, videos, data sources, media, technology, teacher preparation materials, and assessment resources.

Stats 101 Toolkit provides a series of case studies that show statistics in action. Each case starts with a real-world problem and leads the reader through the steps taken to explore the problem, highlighting the techniques used in introductory classes.

This is Statistics provides videos and resources for educators to promote the study of statistics.

Stats.org is a collaboration between the ASA and Sense About Science USA that aims to provide guidance regarding statistical literacy to journalists and the public.

The World of Statistics offers education resources created during the 2013 International Year of Statistics.

Useful Websites for Teachers provides links to online resources.


The Journal of Statistics Education is a free online, international journal focusing on statistics teaching and learning. The journal’s website also contains links to several statistical education organizations, newsletters, discussion groups, and the JSE data archive.

Statistics Teacher (ST) is an online journal published by the American Statistical Association (ASA) – National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Joint Committee on Curriculum in Statistics and Probability for Grades K-12. ST supports the teaching and learning of statistics through education articles, lesson plans, announcements, professional development opportunities, technology, assessment, and classroom resources.

Bridging the Gap Between Common Core State Standards and Teaching Statistics includes 20 data analysis and probability investigations for teachers to use in their K–8 classrooms. Each investigation is based on the four-step statistical process as defined in the Guidelines for Assessment and Instruction in Statistics Education (GAISE) Report: A Pre-K–12 Curriculum Framework.

The Making Sense of Statistical Studies (MSSS) student module consists of 15 hands-on investigations that help students design and analyze statistical studies. It is written for an upper-middle-school or high-school audience having some background in exploratory data analysis and basic probability. The teacher’s module includes supporting resources to help teachers use MSSS, as well as all the pages from the student module.

Significance is a magazine that demonstrates the practical use of statistics and shows how statistics benefits society. Back issues of Significance are freely available online.

CHANCE is a magazine about statistics intended for anyone who has an interest in using data to advance science, education, and society.

The Statistical Significance Series highlights the contributions statisticians make to society.

Teaching Statistics: Resources for Undergraduate Instructors presents a collection of classic and original articles about various aspects of statistical education, along with descriptions of innovative and successful projects.

The Quantitative Literacy Series is a four-part series of books written through a collaborative effort of teachers and statisticians. It is designed for use with middle- and high-school students. The books are part of an ASA project that was funded in part by the National Science Foundation. Though out of print, the books listed below are available through book resale sites.

  • Exploring Data, by James Landwehr and Ann Watkins
  • Exploring Probability, by Claire Newman, Thomas Obremski, and Richard Scheaffer
  • The Art and Techniques of Simulation, by Mrudulla Gnanadesikan, Richard Scheaffer, and Jim Swift
  • Exploring Surveys: Information from Samples, by James Landwehr, Jim Swift, and Ann Watkins

The Elementary Quantitative Literacy (EQL) Series was written by a team of elementary school teachers and statisticians to introduce the key ideas and lessons in data analysis and probability in the K–6 mathematics curriculum. Though out of print, the books listed below are available through book resale sites.

  • Exploring Statistics in the Elementary Grades, Book One, by Carolyn Bereska, L. Carey Bolster, Cyrilla H. Bolster, and Richard Scheaffer
  • Exploring Statistics in the Elementary Grades, Book Two, by Carolyn Bereska, L. Carey Bolster, Cyrilla H. Bolster, and Richard Scheaffer

Data-Driven Mathematics is a series of modules funded by the National Science Foundation and written by statisticians and mathematics teachers. Intended to complement a modern mathematics curriculum in the secondary schools, the modules offer materials that integrate data analysis with topics typically taught in high-school mathematics courses and provide realistic, real-world data situations for developing mathematical knowledge. Scanned copies of these books (the copyrights have been transferred to ASA) are freely available to download (PDF) through the following links:

Statistics: A Guide to the Unknown offers a collection of essays that describe the important applications of statistics and probability. Instead of teaching methods, the essays illustrate past accomplishments and current uses of statistics and probability. Examples of surveys, questionnaires, experiments, and observational studies illustrate the importance and influence of statistics.
Guidelines and Reports

Guidelines for Assessment and Instruction in Statistics Education (GAISE) Report: A Pre-K–12 Curriculum Framework provides recommendations and a curriculum framework with examples for teaching statistics in the pre-K–12 years.

The Statistical Education of Teachers (SET) (PDF download) report outlines the content and conceptual understanding teachers need to know in assisting their students develop statistical reasoning skills. SET is intended for everyone involved in the statistical education of teachers, both the initial preparation of prospective teachers and the professional development of practicing teachers.

Preparing K–12 Teachers of Statistics: A Joint Position Statement of the American Statistical Association and National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (PDF download) details the preparation and support teachers need to successfully support students’ learning of statistics in the pre-K–12 curriculum.

Professional Development

K–12 Statistics Education Webinars were developed as part of the follow-up activities for the Meeting Within a Meeting Statistics Workshop for Mathematics and Science Teachers.

The Meeting Within a Meeting (MWM) Statistics Workshop for Mathematics and Science Teachers supports teaching of statistics within the Common Core and Next Generation Science Standards through conceptual understanding, active learning, real-world data applications, and appropriate use of technology.

The Beyond AP Statistics Workshop is offered for AP Statistics teachers and consists of enrichment material just beyond the basic AP syllabus.

Student Competitions

The ASA Data Visualization Poster Competition is for grades K–12.

The ASA Project Competition (written report) is for grades 7–12.

The Curtis Jacobs Memorial Prize for Outstanding Statistical Project is for Washington, DC, metro-area students.

K-12 Trial Membership
Census at School
What's Going on in this Graph?